Also known by the scientific name Stachybotrys chartarum in the medical world, Black mould is actually a fungus of toxic variety which occur in nature and can grow in indoor as well as in outdoor environment. When it grows outdoors in moist soils, it is comparatively less harmful for human health but can cause damage to manure and wood. In the indoor environment, it can grow on various materails which absorb moisture. These include wood flooring and framing, cellulose insulation, carpet, plaster lathe and drywall. Although exposure to this type of fungus can cause various health problems, allergic reactions are the most common health hazards. These allergies are generally reactions similar to hay-fever and can cause extreme discomfort to sufferers without being acute. However, there are some allergy conditions which are more acute in nature.
Allergic Fungal Sinusitis
In this condition, fungal spores get blocked in the cavities of the sinus and start to develop. Ultimately, this snowballs into a ball of fungus which can be removed only through an operation in some cases. The problem generally occurs in patients who have a healthy body that is capable of mounting a normal immune response to the entry of the fungus into the system. Recurrence is not uncommon after surgery, and immunotherapy and anti-inflammatory medical therapy is needed to prevent the condition from coming back.
Mold Induced Asthma
Those with mold allergies can suffer from an asthma attack once they breathe in mold spores which are moving through the air. Unlike a normal attack of asthma, these attacks can be more acute in nature. Individuals who are asthmatic and are at risk of suffering from asthma attacks due to mold exposure should have a proper emergency plan in case this type of a condition arises.
In this disorder, the lungs are found to swell after exposure to spores of black mold and airborne fungus and particles of other similar types. Fortunately, this is a rare disorder and does not affect all individuals. The disease generally affects individuals who live or work in areas with high dust levels containing mold spores.
This is a fungal infection of the lungs, caused by an exposure to the Stachybotrys fungus. People who suffer from cystic fibrosis or asthma are more susceptible to this disorder. Medical attention is required at the earliest once this condition is detected or suspected.
Apart from allergies, exposure to the spores of black mold can also give rise to other health problems such as infections and poisonous reactions known as Mycotoxicosis. Infections occurring due to this problem can give rise to a lot of discomforting symptoms similar to that of flu as well as acute pneumonia and skin infections. It is often that infectious disorders caused by mold exposure are found to be restricted to only the young, infants and the older population. Individuals suffering from compromised immunity due to auto-immune conditions and depending on immunosuppressive drugs for chemotherapy or transplants are also extremely vulnerable to these kinds of infections.